Phosphorylation-dephosphorylation cycle of HP1á governs accurate mitotic progression

Arindam Chakraborty, Supriya G. Prasanth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Heterochromatin protein 1α (HP1α), a bona fide factor of silent chromatin, is required for establishing as well as maintaining the higher-order chromatin structure in eukaryotes. HP1α is decorated with several post-translational modifications, and many of these are critical for its cellular functions. HP1α is heavily phosphorylated; however, its physiological relevance had remained to be completely understood. We have recently demonstrated that human HP1α is a mitotic target for NDR kinase, and the phosphorylation at the hinge region of HP1α at the G2/M phase of the cell cycle is crucial for mitotic progression and Sgo1 loading at mitotic centromeres (Chakraborty et al., 2014). We now demonstrate that the dephosphorylation of HP1α within its hinge domain occurs during mitosis, specifically soon after prometaphase. In the absence of the hinge-specific HP1α phosphorylation, either as a consequence of depleting NDR1 or in cells expressing a non-phosphorylatable HP1α mutant, the cells arrest in prometaphase with several mitotic defects. In this study we show that NDR1-depleted cells expressing hinge-specific phosphomimetic HP1α mutant rescues the prometaphase arrest but displays defects in mitotic exit, suggesting that the dephosphorylation of HP1α is required for the completion of cytokinesis. Taken together, our results reveal that the phosphorylation- dephosphorylation cycle of HP1α orchestrates accurate progression of cells through mitosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1663-1670
Number of pages8
JournalCell Cycle
Volume13
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2014

Keywords

  • Cell cycle
  • Dephosphorylation
  • Hp1α
  • Mitosis
  • NDR kinases
  • Phosphorylation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology

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