Philosophical Sufism: An Introduction to the School of Ibn al-ʿArabī

Research output: Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook


Analyzing the intersection between Sufism and philosophy, this volume is a sweeping examination of the mystical philosophy of Muyi-l-Din Ibn al-Arabi (d. 637/1240), one of the most influential and original thinkers of the Islamic world. This book systematically covers Ibn al-Arabi's ontology, theology, epistemology, teleology, spiritual anthropology and eschatology. While philosophy uses deductive reasoning to discover the fundamental nature of existence and Sufism relies on spiritual experience, it was not until the school of Ibn al-Arabi that philosophy and Sufism converged into a single framework by elaborating spiritual doctrines in precise philosophical language. Contextualizing the historical development of Ibn al-Arabi's school, the work draws from the earliest commentators of Ibn al-Arabi's oeuvre, adr al-Din al-Qunawi (d. 673/1274), Abd al-Razzaq al-Kashani (d. ca. 730/1330) and Dawud al-Qayari (d. 751/1350), but also draws from the medieval heirs of his doctrines Sayyid aydar Amuli (d. 787/1385), the pivotal intellectual and mystical figure of Persia who recast philosophical Sufism within the framework of Twelver Shiism and Abd al-Raman Jami (d. 898/1492), the key figure in the dissemination of Ibn al-Arabi's ideas in the Persianate world as well as the Ottoman Empire, India, China and East Asia via Central Asia. Lucidly written and comprehensive in scope, with careful treatments of the key authors, Philosophical Sufism is a highly accessible introductory text for students and researchers interested in Islam, philosophy, religion and the Middle East.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Number of pages232
ISBN (Electronic)9781003181040
ISBN (Print)9781032019291
StatePublished - Jul 29 2021
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameRoutledge Studies in Islamic Philosophy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Arts and Humanities


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