Survival in patients with locally advanced, non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is relatively short, despite treatment with surgery or radiation. A phase II study of simultaneous continuous infusion 5-fluorouracil and split-course radiation with or without surgery has shown possible impovement in median survival compared with that observed in trials of radiation alone. Past success with etoposide plus cisplatin in NSCLC has led to the addition of etoposide to the 5-fluorouracil plus cisplatin plus radiation combination. Twenty-four stage III NSCLC patients were treated with this three-drug regimen, and a 74% clinical partial remission rate was observed. Thoracotomy was done in eight of these patients; subsequent histologic examination of the resected specimen revealed no residual tumor in four patients (50%) and only microscopic foci of tumor in two patients (25%). Major toxicities were leukopenia, nausea, and vomiting. Median leukocyte nadir was 2,900/mm3. A leukocyte count <1,000/ mm3 was observed in two of 24 patients (8%), one of whom expired from progressive pneumonia. All patients experienced nausea and vomiting, which were classified as moderate in three patients (12%) and severe in four (16%). Moderate to severe esophagitis, dermatitis, and pneumonitis were not observed. Median progression-free interval and median survival were not reached after a median follow-up of 163 days.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Seminars in Oncology|
|Issue number||3 SUPPL. 3|
|State||Published - Sep 1986|
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