Phase evolution of highly immiscible alloys under shear deformation: Kinetic pathways, steady states, and the lever-rule

Yinon Ashkenazy, Nirab Pant, Jian Zhou, Pascal Bellon, Robert S. Averback

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Phase evolution of dilute, highly immiscible, Cu alloys (Cu-Nb, Cu-V, and Cu-Ta) during low-temperature severe plastic deformation was investigated using large-scale molecular dynamics simulations. At low solute concentrations, each system maintained a FCC structure in steady state, but as the concentration was increased above a saturation limit (0.3 at.% for Ta, 1 at.% for Nb and 5 at.% for V), the system became two-phase, comprising co-existing FCC and amorphous phases. Unlike Cu-Nb and Cu-V, the amorphous phase in the Cu-Ta system showed strong solute partitioning. Increasing the solute concentration above a second phase boundary (8 at.% V, 9 at.% Nb, and 24 at.% Ta) led to complete amorphization. Throughout the two-phase region, the compositions of the FCC and amorphous phases remained nearly constant, thus following the lever rule. Initiating the systems either as a FCC homogeneous alloy, or with a BCC sphere embedded in a Cu matrix, had no effect on the steady state microstructure, implying uniqueness of the steady state under low-temperature shear deformation. Lastly, chemical order and phase partitioning in the amorphous Cu-Ta system under low-temperature shear is found remarkably similar to that in the equilibrium structure above the melting temperature.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)205-214
Number of pages10
JournalActa Materialia
StatePublished - Oct 15 2017



  • Amorphous alloy
  • Dynamic steady state
  • Mechanical alloying
  • Severe plastic deformation
  • Simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys

Cite this