Phase dynamics after connection of two separate Bose-Einstein condensates

I. Zapata, F. Sols, A. J. Leggett

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We study the dynamics of the relative phase following the connection of the two independently formed Bose-Einstein condensates. Dissipation is assumed to be due to the creation of quasiparticles induced by a fluctuating condensate particle number. The coherence between different values of the phase, which is characteristic of the initial Fock state, is quickly lost after the net exchange of a few atoms has taken place. This process effectively measures the phase and marks the onset of a semiclassical regime in which the system undergoes Bloch oscillations around the initial particle number. These fast oscillations excite quasiparticles within each condensate and the system relaxes at a longer time scale until it displays low-energy, damped, Josephson plasma oscillations, eventually coming to a halt when the equilibrium configuration is finally reached.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Number of pages1
JournalPhysical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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