Phase diagram of the Z3 parafermionic chain with chiral interactions

Ye Zhuang, Hitesh J. Changlani, Norm M. Tubman, Taylor L. Hughes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Parafermions are exotic quasiparticles with non-Abelian fractional statistics that can be realized and stabilized in one-dimensional models that are generalizations of the Kitaev p-wave wire. We study the simplest generalization, i.e., the Z3 parafermionic chain. Using a Jordan-Wigner transform we focus on the equivalent three-state chiral clock model, and study its rich phase diagram using the density matrix renormalization group technique. We perform our analyses using quantum entanglement diagnostics which allow us to determine phase boundaries, and the nature of the phase transitions. In particular, we study the transition between the topological and trivial phases, as well as to an intervening incommensurate phase which appears in a wide region of the phase diagram. The phase diagram is predicted to contain a Lifshitz type transition which we confirm using entanglement measures. We also attempt to locate and characterize a putative tricritical point in the phase diagram where the three above mentioned phases meet at a single point.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number035154
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 31 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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