Phantom materials for elastography

Timothy J. Hall, Mehmet Bilgen, Michael F. Insana, Thomas A. Krouskop

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Acoustic and mechanical properties are reported for gelatin materials used to construct tissue-like phantoms for elasticity imaging (elastography). A device and procedure for measuring elastic properties are described. The measured compression forces were comparable to results obtained from finite element analysis when linear elastic media are assumed. Also measured were the stress relaxation, temporal stability, and melting point of the materials. Aldehyde concentration was used to increase the stiffness of the gelatin by controlling the amount of collagen cross-linking. A broad range of tissue-like elastic properties was achieved with these materials, although gels continued to stiffen for several weeks. The precision for elastic modulus measurements ranged from less than 0.1% for 100 kPa samples to 8.9% for soft (< 10 kPa), sticky samples.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1355-1365
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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