This chapter discusses the known effects of chemicals that are commonly used in personal care products and cosmetics on reproduction. Specifically, this chapter focuses on phthalates, parabens, and triclosan. For each category of chemicals, the chapter describes the effects of chemicals on female and male reproductive end points. The reproductive end points that are of interest include the developing and mature sex organs, steroidogenic capacity and regulation, puberty, reproductive diseases and complications, fertility, pregnancy, and birth outcomes. Both human and animal studies are discussed in this chapter.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationReproductive and Developmental Toxicology
Number of pages43
ISBN (Electronic)9780128042397
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017


  • Fertility
  • Parabens
  • Phthalates
  • Reproductive organ development
  • Reproductive system health
  • Triclosan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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