Persistent expression of activated notch in the developing hypothalamus affects survival of pituitary progenitors and alters pituitary structure

Paven K. Aujla, Vedran Bogdanovic, George T. Naratadam, Lori T. Raetzman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: As the pituitary gland develops, signals from the hypothalamus are necessary for pituitary induction and expansion. Little is known about the control of cues that regulate early signaling between the two structures. Ligands and receptors of the Notch signaling pathway are found in both the hypothalamus and Rathke's pouch. The downstream Notch effector gene Hes1 is required for proper pituitary formation; however, these effects could be due to the action of Hes1 in the hypothalamus, Rathke's pouch, or both. To determine the contribution of hypothalamic Notch signaling to pituitary organogenesis, we used mice with loss and gain of Notch function within the developing hypothalamus. Results: We demonstrate that loss of Notch signaling by conditional deletion of Rbpj in the hypothalamus does not affect expression of Hes1 within the posterior hypothalamus or expression of Hes5. In contrast, expression of activated Notch within the hypothalamus results in ectopic Hes5 expression and increased Hes1 expression, which is sufficient to disrupt pituitary development and postnatal expansion. Conclusions: Taken together, our results indicate that Rbpj-dependent Notch signaling within the developing hypothalamus is not necessary for pituitary development, but persistent Notch signaling and ectopic Hes5 expression in hypothalamic progenitors affects pituitary induction and expansion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)921-934
Number of pages14
JournalDevelopmental Dynamics
Volume244
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2015

Keywords

  • Hes1
  • Hes5
  • Infundibulum
  • Notch signaling
  • Pituitary development

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Biology

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