Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ stimulates the synthesis of monounsaturated fatty acids in dairy goat mammary epithelial cells via the control of stearoyl-coenzyme A desaturase

H. B. Shi, J. Luo, D. W. Yao, J. J. Zhu, H. F. Xu, H. P. Shi, J. J. Loor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In rodents, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARG) plays a crucial role in fatty acid (FA) metabolism through regulation of gene expression, including stearoyl-coenzyme A desaturase (SCD), which is the rate-limiting enzyme for the biosynthesis of monounsaturated FA. However, whether or how PPARG regulates the activity of mammary SCD in ruminants is unknown. This study explored the potential role of PPARG isoforms in regulating SCD mRNA expression in lactating goat mammary epithelial cells (GMEC). Using quantitative real-time PCR, we observed a positive correlation between PPARG and SCD expression in the goat mammary gland at peak lactation. Overexpression of both PPARG1 and PPARG2 in GMEC increased markedly the expression of SCD, the concentration of 16:1 and 18:1, and the desaturation indices of 16:1 and 18:1. The PPARG ligand rosiglitazone further increased SCD expression and desaturation indices in GMEC, overexpressing PPARG1 and PPARG2. Incubation with rosiglitazone alone increased the expression of SCD, but did not alter the concentration of 16- to 18-carbon FA or their desaturation indices. The results provide evidence that PPARG regulates the expression and activity of SCD in GMEC. As such, PPARG may contribute to regulation of SCD and monounsaturated FA synthesis during lactation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7844-7853
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Dairy Science
Volume96
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2013

Keywords

  • Desaturation
  • Lactation
  • Metabolism
  • Nutrition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics

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