Abstract

The Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) addresses the economic needs of low-income families, but its annual distribution in one lump-sum limits recipients’ ability to handle financial emergencies that arise throughout the year. We examine the relationship between an advanced periodic payment of the EITC and recipients’ wellbeing. We compare the perceived financial stress of recipients receiving a traditional lump-sum payment to a group that received four advanced payments spread throughout the year. Periodic payment recipients experienced significantly lower levels of perceived financial stress. This relationship was partly mediated by less need to borrow money, lower levels of food insecurity, and fewer unpaid bills. Therefore, periodic payments may enhance the positive association between the EITC and the financial wellbeing of families.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)511-523
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Family and Economic Issues
Volume40
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 15 2019

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Income Tax
Longitudinal Studies
Aptitude
Food Supply
Emergencies
Economics
Earned income tax credit
Well-being
Longitudinal study
Payment

Keywords

  • EITC
  • Food insecurity
  • Inequality
  • Low-income
  • Perceived financial stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Economics and Econometrics

Cite this

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abstract = "The Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) addresses the economic needs of low-income families, but its annual distribution in one lump-sum limits recipients’ ability to handle financial emergencies that arise throughout the year. We examine the relationship between an advanced periodic payment of the EITC and recipients’ wellbeing. We compare the perceived financial stress of recipients receiving a traditional lump-sum payment to a group that received four advanced payments spread throughout the year. Periodic payment recipients experienced significantly lower levels of perceived financial stress. This relationship was partly mediated by less need to borrow money, lower levels of food insecurity, and fewer unpaid bills. Therefore, periodic payments may enhance the positive association between the EITC and the financial wellbeing of families.",
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