Performance validations of semiactive controllers on large-scale moment-resisting frame equipped with 200-kN MR damper using real-time hybrid simulations

Young Jin Cha, Anil K. Agrawal, Anthony Friedman, Brian Phillips, Ryan Ahn, Biping Dong, Shirley J. Dyke, Bill F. Spencer, James Ricles, Richardson Christenson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Magnetorheological dampers (MR) have the promising ability to mitigate seismic hazard for structures because of their adaptive energy dissipation characteristics and low power requirements that can be met using standby batteries. These attractive characterstics of advanced damping devices, such as MR dampers, are important for achieving the goals of performance-based infrastucture designs. This paper validates the performances of four semiactive control algorithms for the control of a large-scale realistic moment-resisting frame using a large-scale 200-kN MR damper. To conduct this test, a large-scale damper-braced steel frame was designed and fabricated. Four semiactive controllers, namely (1) passive on, (2) clipped optimal controller, (3) decentralized output feedback polynomial controller, and (4) Lyapunov stability based controller, were designed for this frame. Real-time hybrid simulations (RTHS) were carried out for these controllers using three recorded earthquakes. The comparative performance of these controllers was investigated using both RTHS and numerical simulations in terms of reductions in the maximum interstory drifts, displacements, absolute accelerations, and control forces, and comparisons between test and numerical results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number04014066
JournalJournal of Structural Engineering (United States)
Volume140
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2014

Fingerprint

Controllers
Steel
Force control
Energy dissipation
Earthquakes
Hazards
Damping
Polynomials
Feedback
Computer simulation

Keywords

  • Large-scale
  • Large-scale experiment
  • Magnetorheological damper
  • Performance validation
  • Real-time hybrid simulation
  • Semiactive control
  • Structural control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Performance validations of semiactive controllers on large-scale moment-resisting frame equipped with 200-kN MR damper using real-time hybrid simulations. / Cha, Young Jin; Agrawal, Anil K.; Friedman, Anthony; Phillips, Brian; Ahn, Ryan; Dong, Biping; Dyke, Shirley J.; Spencer, Bill F.; Ricles, James; Christenson, Richardson.

In: Journal of Structural Engineering (United States), Vol. 140, No. 10, 04014066, 01.10.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cha, Young Jin ; Agrawal, Anil K. ; Friedman, Anthony ; Phillips, Brian ; Ahn, Ryan ; Dong, Biping ; Dyke, Shirley J. ; Spencer, Bill F. ; Ricles, James ; Christenson, Richardson. / Performance validations of semiactive controllers on large-scale moment-resisting frame equipped with 200-kN MR damper using real-time hybrid simulations. In: Journal of Structural Engineering (United States). 2014 ; Vol. 140, No. 10.
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