A new optical pumping source consisting of an array of plasma pinches in the hypocycloidal-pinch geometry is employed to pump a variety of dye lasers. A dye cuvette is inserted along the symmetry axis of the plasma device such that it may be surrounded by the plasma pinch. The light from the plasma pinch is very intense and rich in ultraviolet, which makes it an attractive optical pumping source for dye lasers, particularly in the blue-green spectral region. Control of the plasma fluorescence is achieved by the choice of gas, its fill pressure, and the capacitor bank voltage and its stored energy, The rise time of this 'plasma flashlamp' depends mainly on the gas species and the fill pressure. Output energy of approximately 2 mJ per cm**3 of lasing medium, or 2 kW/cm**3 for a 1- mu s laser pulse, is obtained from rhodamine 6G, coumarin 480, LD 490, and coumarin 504 dyes. That both the coumarin 480 and rhodamine 6G lasers have the comparable output power is a direct proof that the present optical pumping source is more efficient than the commerical xenon flashlamps in pumping lasers in the blue-green spectral region.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6199-6212
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1983

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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