Performance gains from directed training do not transfer to untrained tasks

Hyun Kyu Lee, Walter R. Boot, Chandramallika Basak, Michelle W. Voss, Ruchika Shaurya Prakash, Mark Neider, Kirk I. Erickson, Daniel J. Simons, Monica Fabiani, Gabriele Gratton, Kathy A. Low, Arthur F. Kramer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Given the increasing complexity of the tasks and skills needed in modern society, developing effective training strategies is of tremendous practical importance. Furthermore, training that improves performance of both trained and untrained tasks would be highly efficient. In the present study, we examined how directed training contributes to skill acquisition, and more importantly, to engendering transfer of training to untrained tasks. Participants learned a complex video game for 30. h (Space Fortress, Donchin, Fabiani, & Sanders, 1989) using one of two training regimens: Hybrid Variable-Priority Training (HVT), with a focus on improving specific skills and managing task priority, or Full Emphasis Training (FET) in which participants simply practiced the game to obtain the highest overall score. We compared game performance, retention of training gains, and transfer of training to untrained tasks as a function of the training regimen. Compared to FET, HVT learners reached higher levels of mastery on the game and HVT was particularly beneficial for initially poor performing participants. This benefit persisted seven months after training. However, contrary to expectation, both HVT and FET were unsuccessful in producing transfer to untrained tasks compared to a group that received limited game experience, suggesting that directed training and practice can produce task-specific improvements, but improvements do not necessarily transfer from trained to untrained tasks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)146-158
Number of pages13
JournalActa Psychologica
Volume139
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2012

Fingerprint

Video Games
Transfer (Psychology)
Retention (Psychology)
Practice (Psychology)
Transfer of Training

Keywords

  • Directed training
  • Performance gains
  • Transfer of training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Lee, H. K., Boot, W. R., Basak, C., Voss, M. W., Prakash, R. S., Neider, M., ... Kramer, A. F. (2012). Performance gains from directed training do not transfer to untrained tasks. Acta Psychologica, 139(1), 146-158. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2011.11.003

Performance gains from directed training do not transfer to untrained tasks. / Lee, Hyun Kyu; Boot, Walter R.; Basak, Chandramallika; Voss, Michelle W.; Prakash, Ruchika Shaurya; Neider, Mark; Erickson, Kirk I.; Simons, Daniel J.; Fabiani, Monica; Gratton, Gabriele; Low, Kathy A.; Kramer, Arthur F.

In: Acta Psychologica, Vol. 139, No. 1, 01.01.2012, p. 146-158.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lee, HK, Boot, WR, Basak, C, Voss, MW, Prakash, RS, Neider, M, Erickson, KI, Simons, DJ, Fabiani, M, Gratton, G, Low, KA & Kramer, AF 2012, 'Performance gains from directed training do not transfer to untrained tasks', Acta Psychologica, vol. 139, no. 1, pp. 146-158. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2011.11.003
Lee HK, Boot WR, Basak C, Voss MW, Prakash RS, Neider M et al. Performance gains from directed training do not transfer to untrained tasks. Acta Psychologica. 2012 Jan 1;139(1):146-158. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2011.11.003
Lee, Hyun Kyu ; Boot, Walter R. ; Basak, Chandramallika ; Voss, Michelle W. ; Prakash, Ruchika Shaurya ; Neider, Mark ; Erickson, Kirk I. ; Simons, Daniel J. ; Fabiani, Monica ; Gratton, Gabriele ; Low, Kathy A. ; Kramer, Arthur F. / Performance gains from directed training do not transfer to untrained tasks. In: Acta Psychologica. 2012 ; Vol. 139, No. 1. pp. 146-158.
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