Perception onset time during fixations in free viewing

George W. McConkie, Lester C. Loschky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this study, we investigated when visual perception begins in fixations. During picture viewing, the picture was degraded at the beginning of selected saccades and changed back to the original after varying intervals. Participants manually responded whenever they detected changes. The change-backs were undetected when they occurred <6 msec after the end of the saccade, marked by the peak of the overshoot in dual Purkinje image eyetracker data, and detection reached asymptote 32 msec after that marker. Eye velocity at the change-back time also affected detection likelihood. Apparently, perception begins around the time at which the eyes stop rotating at the end of a saccade, giving a psychological justification for measuring fixation durations from then. This also specifies the deadline for gaze-contingent display changes to occur without detectable image motion. Investigators using the dual Purkinje image eyetracker should consider the peak of the overshoot as the fixation onset time and measure intrafixational presentation times from then.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)481-490
Number of pages10
JournalBehavior Research Methods, Instruments, and Computers
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Psychology (miscellaneous)
  • General Psychology


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