Perceived threat: Exploring its association with worry and its hypothesized antecedents

Howard Berenbaum, Renee J. Thompson, Keith Bredemeier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Two studies with college student participants (n's=262, 239) examined the relation between perceptions of threat (i.e., perceptions of the probabilities and costs of future undesirable outcomes) and: (a) worry; and (b) hypothesized antecedents of perceived threat. In both studies, higher levels of worrying were associated with higher perceived probability and cost. In Study 2, the association between perceived threat and worrying remained even when taking into account maladaptive worry beliefs and the desire for predictability; in fact, the relation between worrying and worry beliefs and desire for predictability were moderated by perceptions of threat. Higher levels of perceived probability were associated with perceiving oneself and others less favorably, whereas higher levels of perceived cost were associated with higher standards.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2473-2482
Number of pages10
JournalBehaviour Research and Therapy
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2007


  • Cost estimates
  • Perceived threat
  • Probability estimates
  • Worry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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