People in Organizations

Jennifer A. Chatman, Jack A. Goncalo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


This article offers a critical review of research in organizational behavior from an interactionist perspective: we consider the reciprocal influence between personal characteristics and the organizational context. Specifically, some situations are stronger than others, some people's behavior is more consistent across situations, some people can influence situations more than others, and people select themselves into situations that suit their preferences. We illustrate the value of this perspective by identifying person-situation interactions that are relevant to a set of currently vibrant theories: organizational culture, demography, leadership, and creativity. Emerging from this review is a greater appreciation for the richness of behavior in organizations and the challenge of understanding and managing its complexities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationInternational Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences: Second Edition
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9780080970875
ISBN (Print)9780080970868
StatePublished - Mar 26 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Individual and collective goals
  • Interacting
  • Macro-organizational theory
  • Micro-theory
  • Organizational behavior
  • Organizational research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences(all)


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