Pear genetics: Recent advances, new prospects, and a roadmap for the future

Jiaming Li, Mingyue Zhang, Xiaolong Li, Awais Khan, Satish Kumar, Andrew Charles Allan, Kui Lin-Wang, Richard Victor Espley, Caihong Wang, Runze Wang, Cheng Xue, Gaifang Yao, Mengfan Qin, Manyi Sun, Richard Tegtmeier, Hainan Liu, Weilin Wei, Meiling Ming, Shaoling Zhang, Kejiao ZhaoBobo Song, Jiangping Ni, Jianping An, Schuyler S. Korban, Jun Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Pear, belonging to the genus Pyrus, is one of the most economically important temperate fruit crops. Pyrus is an important genus of the Rosaceae family, subfamily Maloideae, and has at least 22 different species with over 5000 accessions maintained or identified worldwide. With the release of draft whole-genome sequences for Pyrus, opportunities for pursuing studies on the evolution, domestication, and molecular breeding of pear, as well as for conducting comparative genomics analyses within the Rosaceae family, have been greatly expanded. In this review, we highlight key advances in pear genetics, genomics, and breeding driven by the availability of whole-genome sequences, including whole-genome resequencing efforts, pear domestication, and evolution. We cover updates on new resources for undertaking gene identification and molecular breeding, as well as for pursuing functional validation of genes associated with desirable economic traits. We also explore future directions for "pear-omics".

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberuhab040
JournalHorticulture Research
Volume9
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Horticulture
  • Genetics
  • Biochemistry
  • Biotechnology
  • Plant Science

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