Pcb congeners in the rat brain: Selective accumulation and lack of regionalization

Daniel K. Ness, Susan L. Schantz, Larry G. Hansen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Perturbations in the developing nervous system have been associated with perinatal exposures to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBsJ. It remains unclear whether these neurotoxic effects are direct or secondary to other toxic processes. This study was designed to determine which PCB congeners accumulate in the brain as a result of perinatal exposure and if this accumulation is regionally specific. Sprague-Dawley rat dams were dosed by gavage with corn oil or Aroclor 1242 in corn oil (4 or 16 mg/kg/dJ on d 10-16 of gestation. At weaning (d 21J, one male and one female pup from each litter were euthanatized and three specific regions of the brain (frontal cortex, hippocampus, and caudate putamenJ were collected for PCB analysis by gas chromatography. Ten peaks, which represent 10-14 PCB congeners, were detected in all samples. There were no differences in PCB concentration between sexes or among brain regions, but the different congeners differed from each other in degree of bioaccumulation. Brain PCB concentrations increased with increased dose for all congeners except PCB 28 (2, 4, 4’J, which was present at a higher concentration in the lower dose-group. To characterize regionalization of PCBs in the brain further, weanling rats were dosed intravenously with [, 4C]-PCB 77 (3, 3 ‘, 4, 4 ‘-tetrachlorobiphenyl; 0.25 JJCHg; 2.0 jug/gJ or [, 4C]-PCB 47 (2, 2’, 4, 4’-tetrachlorobiphenyl; 0.25 juCUg; 5.3 MgtgJ in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSOJ. Rats were killed after 72 h and the brains were quickly removed and frozen on dry ice. The brains were serially sectioned on a cryostat and the sections (16 jjmJ subjected to autoradiography (3-5 mo of exposureJ. The radioactivity was homogeneously distributed in the brain tissue for both PCBs. PCB 77treated, but not PCB 47-treated, pups showed increased activity in areas with blood vessels present. This was consistent with differences in the blood-brain ratios for PCB 47 and PCB 77, which were determined to be 0.44 and 16.8, respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)453-468
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Toxicology and Environmental Health
Volume43
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Pollution

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