Solid-state quantum emitters are prime candidates for the realization of fast, on-demand single-photon sources. The improvement in photon emission rate and collection efficiency for point-like emitters can be achieved by using a near-field coupling to nanophotonic structures. Plasmonic metamaterials with hyperbolic dispersion have previously been demonstrated to significantly increase the fluorescence decay rates from dipolar emitters due to a large broadband density of plasmonic modes supported by such metamaterials. However, the emission coupled to the plasmonic modes must then be outcoupled into the far field before it succumbs to ohmic losses. We propose a nano-grooved hyperbolic metamaterial that improves the collection efficiency by several times compared to a conventional planar lamellar hyperbolic metamaterial. Our approach can be utilized to achieve broadband enhancement of emission for diverse types of quantum emitters.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics