Patent protection for microbial technologies

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Microbial technologies often serve as the basis of fundamental research tools in molecular biology. These present a variety of ethical, legal and social issues concerning their patenting. This commentary presents several case studies of these issues across three major microbiological tools: CRISPR, viral vectors and antimicrobial resistance drugs. It concludes that the development of these technologies-both scientifically and commercially-depend, in part, on the patent regime available for each, and researchers' willingness to enforce those patents against others.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberfnx205
JournalFEMS microbiology letters
Issue number20
StatePublished - Oct 1 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • AMR
  • incentives
  • patents
  • virus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics


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