Passives and anticausatives in Vedic Sanskrit: Synchronic and diachronic perspectives

Hans Henrich Hock

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Certain Vedic Sanskrit middle-voice verbs in -ya- have long received special attention for exhibiting accent variation between root and suffix. Various accounts for their behaviour and their origin have been proposed, and according to a recent analysis these verbs are anticausatives, contrasting with passives, and that suffix accent is secondary in Vedic. This analysis involves a speculative account of how anticausatives came to differ from passives. This chapter critically reviews earlier synchronic accounts, including that of Pāṇini, argues for a syntactically based account compatible with that of Pāṇini, and offers an alternative historical perspective to the one proposed in current analyses.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAlignment and Alignment Change in the Indo-European Family
EditorsEystein Dahl
PublisherOxford University Press
Number of pages22
ISBN (Electronic)9780191890475
ISBN (Print)9780198857907
StatePublished - Jan 1 2022


  • Vedic
  • diachrony
  • morphology
  • syntax
  • anticausative

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Arts and Humanities
  • General Social Sciences


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