Passive Facebook Usage Undermines Affective Well-being: Experimental and Longitudinal Evidence

Philippe Verduyn, David Seungjae Lee, Jiyoung Park, Holly Shablack, Ariana Orvell, Joseph Bayer, Oscar Ybarra, John Jonides, Ethan Kross

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Prior research indicates that Facebook usage predicts declines in subjective well-being over time. How does this come about? We examined this issue in 2 studies using experimental and field methods. In Study 1, cueing people in the laboratory to use Facebook passively (rather than actively) led to declines in affective well-being over time. Study 2 replicated these findings in the field using experience-sampling techniques. It also demonstrated how passive Facebook usage leads to declines in affective well-being: by increasing envy. Critically, the relationship between passive Facebook usage and changes in affective well-being remained significant when controlling for active Facebook use, non-Facebook online social network usage, and direct social interactions, highlighting the specificity of this result. These findings demonstrate that passive Facebook usage undermines affective well-being.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)480-488
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Experimental Psychology: General
Volume144
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Envy
  • Facebook
  • Online social networks
  • Social support
  • Well-being

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Psychology(all)
  • Developmental Neuroscience

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Passive Facebook Usage Undermines Affective Well-being: Experimental and Longitudinal Evidence'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this