Partitioning of salt ions in FT30 reverse osmosis membranes

Xijing Zhang, David G. Cahill, Orlando Coronell, Benito J. Mariñas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

FT30 membranes consist of a polyamide active layer interfacially polymerized on a porous polysulfone support. The ion partition coefficient κ in the active layer is a key thermodynamic parameter that partially controls the ability of the membrane to desalinate water. Membranes are soaked in aqueous solutions of CsCl, KBr, or Na2 W O4 with salt concentrations of 0.002M< Cs <2M, freeze dried to remove water without disturbing ion distribution, and analyzed by Rutherford backscattering spectrometry. For Cs <0.01M, κ is surprisingly large and independent of Cs, κ=6±2. The porosity φ of the top 500 nm of the support layer is also extracted from the RBS data: φ=0.45±0.05.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number181904
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume91
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 7 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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