Parting the ivory curtain: Understanding how universities support a diverse set of startups

Sonali K. Shah, Emily Cox Pahnke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Universities are widely recognized as a critical source of technological innovation and are heralded for the entrepreneurial ventures cultivated within their walls. To date, most research has focused on academic entrepreneurship—new ventures that spin out of academic laboratories. However, universities also give rise to startups that do not directly exploit knowledge generated within academic laboratories. Such firms—and the societal and economic benefits they create—are an important contribution of modern universities. We propose a framework for understanding the full scope of university entrepreneurship and its driving factors, with the goal of providing scholars, university administrators, and policymakers with insights regarding the resources required to foster entrepreneurship from within the ivory tower.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)780-792
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Technology Transfer
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Entrepreneurship
  • Innovation
  • Knowledge
  • University-industry technology transfer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Accounting
  • General Engineering


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