Finding the ground state of a fermionic Hamiltonian using quantum Monte Carlo (QMC) is a very difficult problem, due to the Fermi sign problem. While still scaling exponentially, full configuration-interaction Monte Carlo (FCIQMC) mitigates some of the exponential variance by allowing annihilation of noise-whenever two walkers arrive at the same configuration with opposite signs, they are removed from the simulation. While FCIQMC has been quite successful for quantum chemistry problems, its application to problems in condensed systems has been limited. In this paper, we apply the FCIQMC algorithm to the Fermi polaron problem, which provides an ideal test bed for improving the algorithm, although since we restrict the number of many-body excitations, our algorithm is more precisely a QMC implementation of the configuration-interaction method (CIQMC). In its simplest form, CIQMC is unstable for even a fairly small system sizes. However, with a series of algorithmic improvements, we are able to significantly increase its effectiveness. We modify fixed node QMC to work in these systems, introduce a well chosen importance sampled trial wave function, a partial node approximation, and a variant of release node. Finally, we develop a way to perform CIQMC directly in the thermodynamic limit.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|State||Published - Aug 6 2012|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics