The principal DNA restriction-modification system of the cellulolytic ruminal bacterium Ruminococcus flavefaciens FD-1 is described. The restriction endonuclease RflFI could be separated from cell extracts by phosphocellulose and heparin-sepharose chromatography. Restriction enzyme digests utilizing RflFI alone or in combination with SalI, a restriction enzyme isolated from Streptomyces albus G, showed that the DNA sequence recognized by RflFI either overlapped or was the same as that recognized by SalI. DNA sequence analysis confirmed that RflFI was identical in activity to SalI, with the recognition sequence being 5'-GTCGAC-3' and cleavage occurring between G and T. Adenine methylation within this sequence can be catalyzed in vitro by TaqI methylase, and this inhibited the cleavage of plasmid DNA molecules by RflFI and SalI. Chromosomal DNA from R. flavefaciens FD-1 is also methylated within this DNA sequence because neither restriction endonuclease could degrade this DNA substrate. These findings provide a means to protect plasmid molecules from degradation prior to gene transfer experiments with R. flavefaciens FD-1.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Food Science
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology