Parenting Measures and Their Psychometrics in LGBTQIA+ Families: A Systematic Review

Violeta J. Rodriguez, Dominique L. LaBarrie, Sawyer J. Adams, Qimin Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Parenting significantly influences youth development, yet there’s a dearth of research on measuring parenting among LGBTQIA+ caregivers, or caregivers of LGBTQIA+ children (hereafter LGBTQIA+ families). In this systematic review we identified and evaluated the psychometrics of parenting scales validated for this population. The inclusion criteria encompassed studies with LGBTQIA+ families in major databases and secondary sources, psychometric assessment, and English language. Eight studies validating ten scales measuring parenting practices, parental attitudes, beliefs, and perceptions were identified. Generally, studies reported promising psychometrics, showing evidence of construct validity in all and reliability in seven. However, the review also unveiled crucial gaps: a paucity of scales validated among LGBTQIA+ fathers, and predominantly featured non-Hispanic White participants. Findings underscore the necessity for more inclusive samples that reflect the diversity of LGBTQIA+ families. The validation of parenting scales is crucial for understanding parenting in LGBTQIA+ families and developing parenting interventions to promote their well-being.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalChild Psychiatry and Human Development
StatePublished - Feb 27 2024


  • LGBTQIA+ families
  • Measure development
  • Parenting
  • Psychometrics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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