Parental Involvement among First- and Second-generation Latin Americans in the United States

Karen Z. Kramer, Esra Şahin, Qiujie Gong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Immigration to a host culture often involves significant changes in parenting norms and behaviors. The authors take an acculturation lens to explore parental involvement among different generations of Latin American immigrant families. It compares the quantity and type of parental involvement of first- and second-generation Latin American immigrants to that of parents who are at least a third generation in the United States while examining whether differences exist between mothers and fathers. Data from the 2003–2013 American Time Use Survey are used for our analyses, which finds differences between parenting behaviors of first-generation immigrants from Latin America and third-generation parents. Second-generation mothers were also found to be significantly different from third-generation mothers in almost every type of parental involvement, while second-generation Latin American fathers were similar to third-generation fathers in quantity and type of parental involvement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1466-1494
Number of pages29
JournalJournal of Family Issues
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2021


  • Latin American immigrants
  • child care
  • parental involvement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)


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