Parathyroid mRNA directs the synthesis of pre-proparathyroid hormone and proparathyroid hormone in the Krebs ascites cell-free system

Joel F. Habener, Byron Kemper, John T. Potts, Alexander Rich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Translation in a cell-free extract of Krebs II ascites cells of a mRNA fraction prepared from bovine parathyroid glands results in the synthesis of two radioactive products that appear identical to pre-proparathyroid hormone (Pre-ProPTH) (M.W. ∼ 14,000), the suspected earliest biosynthetic precursor of parathyroid hormone (PTH) (M.W. 9,500), and to proparathyroid hormone (ProPTH) (M.W. 10,200), the immediate biosynthetic precursor of PTH. The two products of synthesis in the ascites extract co-electrophoresed on both urea-acetate and urea-SDS acrylamide gels with Pre-ProPTH obtained from cell-free translation of parathyroid RNA in extracts of wheat-germ and with ProPTH isolated from parathyroid slices. Both products were precipitated with an antiserum to PTH. Partial analysis of the amino acid sequence of [35S]methionine-labeled Pre-ProPTH synthesized by the ascites extract indicates that a substantial fraction of the product is lacking the two N-terminal methionines present in the Pre-ProPTH synthesized by the wheat-germ system. The results indicate that, (i), unlike the wheat-germ, ascites extracts contain enzymes that remove the initiator methionine from Pre-ProPTH and convert Pre-ProPTH into ProPTH (no ProPTH was observed in the wheat-germ system) and (ii) the cleavage processes appear to occur in association with synthesis, inasmuch as neither removal of NH2-terminal methionine nor formation of ProPTH was observed upon incubation of Pre-ProPTH isolated from either the wheat-germ system or from the ascites system when put back into the ascites system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1114-1121
Number of pages8
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume67
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 1975
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Parathyroid mRNA directs the synthesis of pre-proparathyroid hormone and proparathyroid hormone in the Krebs ascites cell-free system'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this