Parasitism of soybean aphid by Aphelinus species on soybean susceptible versus resistant to the aphid

Keith R. Hopper, Brian W. Diers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The soybean aphid, Aphis glycines, is native to Asia, but during the last decade it has invaded North America, where it has spread to most soybean growing regions and become the most important insect pest of soybean. Current control of soybean aphid relies primarily on insecticides, but alternatives to insecticidal control are being explored, especially host plant resistance and biological control, which may interact positively or negatively. Research on host plant resistance to the soybean aphid has revealed six genes that affect resistance. We measured the impact of the two most studied resistance loci, Rag1 and Rag2, on two parasitoid species: Aphelinus glycinis, a recently described species from Asia, which is being introduced into the USA to control the soybean aphid, and Aphelinus certus, also from Asia but accidentally introduced into the USA. Resistance did not affect oviposition by either parasitoid species. However, resistance did reduce successful parasitism by A. glycinis, with each resistance allele causing a two-fold reduction in number of mummified aphids. The resistance alleles did not affect adult emergence, sex ratio, or the size of A. glycinis. For A. certus, the Rag1 resistance allele had no effect on parasitism, while the Rag2 resistance allele reduced parasitism four-fold. On the other hand, the Rag1 resistance allele increased the frequency of males among progeny and decreased female size of A. certus. Despite the reduction in parasitism, these parasitoids are nonetheless able to parasitize the soybean aphid on resistant soybean, which means that they should still contribute to the management of soybean aphid on resistant varieties.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)101-106
Number of pages6
JournalBiological Control
Volume76
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2014

Keywords

  • Aphelinus certus
  • Aphelinus glycinis
  • Aphis glycines
  • Biological control
  • Host plant resistance
  • Soybean

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Insect Science

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