We examine the parametric and modulational instabilities arising in a non-autonomous, discrete nonlinear Schrödinger equation. The principal motivation for our study stems from the dynamics of Bose-Einstein condensates trapped in a deep optical lattice. We find that under periodic variations of the heights of the interwell barriers (or equivalently of the scattering length), in addition to the modulational instability, a window of parametric instability becomes available to the system. We explore this instability through multiple-scale analysis and identify it numerically. Its principal dynamical characteristic is that, typically, it develops over much larger times than the modulational instability, a feature that is qualitatively justified by comparison of the corresponding instability growth rates.
|Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
|Published - Apr 14 2004
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Condensed Matter Physics