Sensitivity analysis methods were used in conjunction with a mathematical model for corrosion pit initiation in the vicinity of MnS inclusions in stainless steel to investigate the relationship between physicochemical parameters and the potential and concentration distributions. The finite difference method with central differences was used to calculate sensitivities. The mathematical model of pit initiation included 20 species plus the potential and 13 physicochemical parameters including rate constants for chemical and electrochemical surface reactions and equilibrium constants for homogeneous reactions. It was found that the potential and concentration profiles are most sensitive to the Tafel slope of the rate of electrochemical dissolution of sulfur-containing inclusions and least sensitive to changes in the equilibrium coefficients of the homogeneous reactions. The rate constant for the electrochemical reaction for dissolution of sulfide inclusions was also found to be significant. The procedure provides a first step toward selecting the most important parameters, designing critical experiments, and selecting the hypothesis that best fits experimental data.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry