Parafermionic Wires at the Interface of Chiral Topological States

Luiz H. Santos, Taylor L. Hughes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We explore a scenario where local interactions form one-dimensional gapped interfaces between a pair of distinct chiral two-dimensional topological states - referred to as phases 1 and 2 - such that each gapped region terminates at a domain wall separating the chiral gapless edge states of these phases. We show that this type of T junction supports pointlike fractionalized excitations obeying parafermion statistics, thus implying that the one-dimensional gapped interface forms an effective topological parafermionic wire possessing a nontrivial ground state degeneracy. The physical properties of the anyon condensate that gives rise to the gapped interface are investigated. Remarkably, this condensate causes the gapped interface to behave as a type of anyon "Andreev reflector" in the bulk, whereby anyons from one phase, upon hitting the interface, can be transformed into a combination of reflected anyons and outgoing anyons from the other phase. Thus, we conclude that while different topological orders can be connected via gapped interfaces, the interfaces are themselves topological.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number136801
JournalPhysical review letters
Volume118
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 27 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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