Pan-frying stability of nusun oil, a mid-oleic sunflower oil

Sudatip Kiatsrichart, M. Susan Brewer, Keith R. Cadwallader, William E. Artz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Pan-frying is a popular frying method at home and in many restaurants. Pan-frying stabilities of two frying oils with similar iodine values (IV) - mid-oleic sunflower oil (NuSun oil; IV = 103.9) and a commercial canola oil (IV = 103.4) - were compared. Each oil sample was heated as a thin film on a Teflon-coated frying pan at ∼ 180°C to a target end point of ≥20% polymer. High-performance size-exclusion chromatography analysis of the mid-oleic sunflower and canola oil samples indicated that the heated samples contained 20% polymer after approximately 18 and 22 min of heating, respectively. The food oil sensor values increased from zero to 19.9 for the canola sample and from zero to 19.8 for the mid-oleic sunflower sample after 24 min of heating. The apparent first-order degradation rate for the mid-oleic sunflower sample was 0.102 ± 0.008 min-1, whereas the rate for the canola sample was 0.092 ± 0.010 min-1. The acid value increased from approximately zero prior to heating to 1.3 for the canola sample and from zero to 1.0 for the mid-oleic sunflower sample after 24 min of heating. In addition, sensory and volatile analyses of the fried hash browns obtained from both oils indicated there were no significant differences between the two fried potato samples.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)479-483
Number of pages5
JournalJAOCS, Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society
Volume80
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2003

Keywords

  • Mid-oleic acid sunflower oil
  • NuSun oil
  • Oil stability
  • Pan-frying

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Organic Chemistry

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