X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) is widely used across the life and physical sciences to identify the electronic properties and structure surrounding a specific element. XAS is less often used for the characterization of organometallic compounds, especially for sensitive and highly reactive species. In this study, we used solid- and solution-phase XAS to compare a series of 25 palladium complexes in controlled ligand environments. The compounds include palladium centers in the formal I, II, III, and IV oxidation states, supported by tridentate and tetradentate macrocyclic ligands, with different halide and methyl ligand combinations. The Pd K-edge energies increased not only upon oxidizing the metal center but also upon increasing the denticity of the ligand framework, substituting sigma-donating methyl groups with chlorides, and increasing the charge of the overall metal complex by replacing charged ligands with neutral ligands. These trends were then applied to characterize compounds whose oxidation states were otherwise unconfirmed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry