Pairing of composite excitations in the two-dimensional Hubbard model

Tudor D. Stanescu, Ivar Martin, Philip Phillips

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We report on a strong coupling approach (on-site Coulomb repulsion, U larger than the nearest-neighbor hopping energy (Formula presented) to the Hubbard model. Starting from the Hubbard operators that diagonalize the interaction term, we generate a hierarchy of composite operators from the equations of motion. Using the Hubbard operators as a basis, we are able to compute the associated Green functions including the anomalous Green functions that describe pair formation. We show explicitly that these anomalous Green functions are nonzero in the (Formula presented) channel; however, the entities that pair up are not single-electron-like particles but rather composite excitations (that we call cexons) made out of an electron and a hole on nearest-neighbor sites. Cexons are fermionic in nature as they have spin 1/2 and also have unit charge. Our calculations of the chemical potential reveal that negative compressibility in the 2D Hubbard model and composite excitation pairing are intimately connected, namely, the larger the negative compressibility, the larger the pairing amplitude. Our observation of negative compressibility in the underdoped regime is consistent with phase segregation or stripe formation in the normal state. While pairing ameliorates the negative compresssibility, it does not eliminate it entirely. In addition, we find that the anomalous correlation functions are particle-hole symmetric and exhibit a maximum at a doping level of roughly (Formula presented) as measured from half-filling. For (Formula presented) the onset temperature for pair formation is (Formula presented) The effect of nearest-neighbor Coulomb repulsions is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4300-4308
Number of pages9
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number7
StatePublished - 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


Dive into the research topics of 'Pairing of composite excitations in the two-dimensional Hubbard model'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this