Overview of lithium injection and flowing liquid lithium results from the US-China collaboration on EAST

D. Andruczyk, R. Maingi, J. S. Hu, G. Z. Zuo, R. Rizkallah, M. Parsons, A. Shone, D. O'Dea, A. Kapat, M. Szott, S. Stemmley, Z. Sun, W. Xu, X. C. Meng, R. Lunsford, E. P. Gilson, A. Diallo, K. Tritz

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


A multi-institutional team consisting of national labs and universities has been conducting research to understand and control the plasma-material interface (PMI) to improve long pulse discharge control and performance in the EAST device in Hefei, China. One particular focus of the group has been to evaluate the performance of different plasma-facing component (PFC) technologies and materials, particularly lithium. Flowing liquid lithium PFC technologies are currently into their third generation of development and deployment in EAST, demonstrating recycling control and mitigation of edge-localized modes (ELMs). A lithium powder dropper has also been used to control ELMs while a lithium granule injector has demonstrated ELM triggering and pacing. To support this work, the facilities at the Center for Plasma Material Interactions such as HIDRA are being commissioned and utilized to develop/test the technologies before deployment on EAST. This paper will present a summary of the collaborative lithium PMI program on EAST.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number014067
JournalPhysica Scripta
Issue numberT171
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020
Event17th International Conference on Plasma-Facing Materials and Components for Fusion Applications, PFMC 2019 - Eindhoven, Netherlands
Duration: May 20 2019May 24 2019


  • East
  • Flowing liquid lithium limiters
  • Fusion
  • Liquid lithium
  • Plasma facing components
  • Plasma material interactions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Mathematical Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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