Overview of Distilled Spirits

Michael C. Qian, Paul Hughes, Keith Cadwallader

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A spirit is a distilled beverage with alcohol content greater than 30% (v/v). Depending on the type of spirit, the raw fermentation materials can be grains, fruits, vegetables, or other carbohydrate-rich ingredients. Following the fermentation process, the alcohols and other volatiles are distilled to concentrate the alcohol. The distillates are typically aged and blended before consumption. Depending on the raw materials used for fermentation, distillation, and the final aging process, the volatile profiles can vary tremendously. This chapter will provide an overview of the production and flavor characteristics of different spirits.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)125-144
Number of pages20
JournalACS Symposium Series
StatePublished - 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering


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