Acyl carrier protein (ACP) is a small (9 kD) acidic protein that is an essential cofactor in plant fatty acid biosynthesis. Most plants have several isoforms of ACP, some of which are expressed constitutively and others that appear to be more tissue specific. Although the critical role of ACP in fatty acid biosynthesis has been established, the role of the diverse number of isoforms has yet to be elucidated. We have generated transgenic Arabidopsis plants that express high levels of ACP-1, a seed-predominant ACP isoform, in leaf tissue under control of the cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter. Western and northern analysis of these plants demonstrate 3- to 8-fold increased expression of this isoform in leaf tissue, but no significant changes in seed. Analysis of the fatty acid composition of leaf tissue revealed that overexpression of ACP-1 in leaf tissue alters fatty acid composition. Significant decreases in levels of 16:3 were noted along with increases in 18:3. These findings represent the first in vivo report that overexpression of an ACP isoform results in changes in fatty acid composition in plants.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Plant Science