Outcomes of women with atypical glandular cells on preoperative cytology and endometrial cancer

Michael S. Guy, Georgina Cheng, Miriam D. Post, Monique A. Spillman, Kian Behbakht, Susan Davidson, Jeanelle Sheeder, Saketh R. Guntupalli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: This study aims to examine the prognostic importance of preoperative cervical cytologic diagnosis with atypical glandular cells (AGC) or malignant cells (MC) as a predictor of poor outcomes in endometrial cancer. Materials and Methods: A total of 563 patients were surgically staged for endometrial adenocarcinoma from 2002 to 2012 at our institution. Of these patients, 106 were included to perform a case-control study (39 patients with AGC or MC and 67 controls). Included patients were not significantly different from excluded patients and were matched for age, race, and body mass index. Outcome variables included presence of extrauterine disease (International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage ≥II) and high intermediate risk (HIR) disease. Further analysis sought to improve the prediction combining AGC or MC with other factors, such as grade and CA-125 levels. Standard statistical analyses were used. Results: Among the patients with AGC or MC, 53.8% had HIR disease compared with 30.3% with normal cervical cytologic diagnosis (odds ratio [OR], 2.68; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.18-6.09; P = 0.02). Extrauterine diseasewas found in 43.6% of patients with AGC orMC compared with that of 15.2% in patients with normal cervical cytologic diagnosis (OR, 4.33; 95% CI, 1.7-10.90; P < 0.01). Multivariate analysis confirmed that AGC or MC was an independent predictor of HIR disease (OR, 8.41; 95% CI, 1.34-52.78; P = 0.02) and extrauterine disease (OR, 4.78; 95%CI, 1.26-18.1; P = 0.02). The combination of elevated CA-125 levels with AGC or MC cervical cytologic diagnosis increased the statistical prediction of extrauterine disease (OR, 13.3; 95% CI, 3.1-56.8; P < 0.01) and HIR disease (OR, 5.83; 95% CI, 1.44-23.71; P = 0.02). Conclusions: Patients with AGC or MC on preoperative cervical cytology are at risk for extrauterine and HIR disease. These preoperative findings should warn surgeons of the potential of extrauterine or occult metastatic disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)266-271
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Atypical glandular cells
  • Atypical glandular cells of undetermined significance
  • Cervical cytologic diagnosis
  • Endometrial cancer
  • Papanicolaou test

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


Dive into the research topics of 'Outcomes of women with atypical glandular cells on preoperative cytology and endometrial cancer'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this