Outcomes of in–hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation in patients with CKD

Fahad Saeed, Malik M. Adil, Umar M. Kaleem, Taqi T. Zafar, Abdus Salam Khan, Jean L. Holley, Joseph V. Nally

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background and objectives Advance care planning, including code/resuscitation status discussion, is an essential part of the medical care of patients with CKD. There is little information on the outcomes of cardiopulmonary resuscitation in these patients. We aimed to measure cardiopulmonary resuscitation outcomes in these patients. Design, setting, participants, & measurements Our study is observational in nature. We compared the following cardiopulmonary resuscitation–related outcomes in patients with CKD with those in the general population by using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (2005–2011): (1) survival to hospital discharge, (2) discharge destination, and (3) length of hospital stay. All of the patients were 18 years old or older. Results During the study period, 71,961 patients with CKD underwent in–hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation compared with 323,620 patients from the general population. Unadjusted in–hospital mortality rates were higher in patients with CKD (75% versus 72%; P<0.001) on univariate analysis. After adjusting for age, sex, and potential confounders, patients with CKD had higher odds of mortality (odds ratio, 1.24; 95% confidence interval, 1.11 to 1.34; P≤0.001) and length of stay (odds ratio, 1.11; 95% confidence interval, 1.07 to 1.15; P=0.001). Hospitalization charges were also greater in patients with CKD. There was no overall difference in postcardiopulmonary resuscitation nursing home placement between the two groups. In a separate subanalysis of patients ≥75 years old with CKD, higher odds of in-hospital mortality were also seen in the patients with CKD (odds ratio, 1.10; 95% confidence interval, 1.02 to 1.17; P=0.01). Conclusions In conclusion, we observed slightly higher in-hospital mortality in patients with CKD undergoing in–hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1744-1751
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 7 2016


  • Advance care planning
  • Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  • Cardiovascular
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Hospital mortality
  • Humans
  • Inpatients
  • Length of stay
  • Nursing homes
  • Outcomes
  • Patient discharge
  • Renal insufficiency, chronic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Nephrology
  • Transplantation


Dive into the research topics of 'Outcomes of in–hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation in patients with CKD'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this