Origin of microbiological zoning in groundwater flows

Craig M. Bethke, Dong Ding, Qusheng Jin, Robert A. Sanford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Reactive transport modeling helps explain the origin of the microbiological zoning observed in pristine freshwater aquifers. Zoned aquifers have been described previously as either thermodynamic or kinetic phenomena, but neither interpretation has proved fully satisfactory. Drawing on concepts of population dynamics, the modeling reported here offers an alternative explanation of how certain microbes exclude others from zones: one functional group maintains conditions under which cells in another group die more rapidly than they can reproduce. The modeling also lends support to the idea that a group of microbes that appears to dominate a particular zone in an aquifer may in fact coexist with, or even be subordinate to, another group.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)739-742
Number of pages4
JournalGeology
Volume36
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 2008

Keywords

  • Aquifer microbiology
  • Iron-reducing bacteria
  • Methanogens
  • Microbial communities
  • Sulfate-reducing bacteria

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology

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