ORIGIN: Non-Rigid Network Alignment

Si Zhang, Hanghang Tong, Jiejun Xu, Yifan Hu, Ross MacIejewski

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Network alignment is a fundamental task in many high-impact applications. Most of the existing approaches either explicitly or implicitly consider the alignment matrix as a linear transformation to map one network to another, and might overlook the complicated alignment relationship across networks. On the other hand, node representation learning based alignment methods are hampered by the incomparability among the node representations of different networks. In this paper, we propose a unified semi-supervised deep model (ORIGIN) that simultaneously finds the non-rigid network alignment and learns node representations in multiple networks in a mutually beneficial way. The key idea is to learn node representations by the effective graph convolutional networks, which subsequently enable us to formulate network alignment as a point set alignment problem. The proposed method offers two distinctive advantages. First (node representations), unlike the existing graph convolutional networks that aggregate the node information within a single network, we can effectively aggregate the auxiliary information from multiple sources, achieving far-reaching node representations. Second (network alignment), guided by the high-quality node representations, our proposed non-rigid point set alignment approach overcomes the bottleneck of the linear transformation assumption. We conduct extensive experiments that demonstrate the proposed non-rigid alignment method is (1) effective, outperforming both the state-of-the-art linear transformation-based methods and node representation based methods, and (2) efficient, with a comparable computational time between the proposed multi-network representation learning component and its single-network counterpart.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings - 2019 IEEE International Conference on Big Data, Big Data 2019
EditorsChaitanya Baru, Jun Huan, Latifur Khan, Xiaohua Tony Hu, Ronay Ak, Yuanyuan Tian, Roger Barga, Carlo Zaniolo, Kisung Lee, Yanfang Fanny Ye
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages998-1007
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9781728108582
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2019
Event2019 IEEE International Conference on Big Data, Big Data 2019 - Los Angeles, United States
Duration: Dec 9 2019Dec 12 2019

Publication series

NameProceedings - 2019 IEEE International Conference on Big Data, Big Data 2019

Conference

Conference2019 IEEE International Conference on Big Data, Big Data 2019
CountryUnited States
CityLos Angeles
Period12/9/1912/12/19

Keywords

  • graph convolutional networks
  • network alignment
  • non-rigid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Information Systems
  • Information Systems and Management

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  • Cite this

    Zhang, S., Tong, H., Xu, J., Hu, Y., & MacIejewski, R. (2019). ORIGIN: Non-Rigid Network Alignment. In C. Baru, J. Huan, L. Khan, X. T. Hu, R. Ak, Y. Tian, R. Barga, C. Zaniolo, K. Lee, & Y. F. Ye (Eds.), Proceedings - 2019 IEEE International Conference on Big Data, Big Data 2019 (pp. 998-1007). [9005663] (Proceedings - 2019 IEEE International Conference on Big Data, Big Data 2019). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/BigData47090.2019.9005663