Order Plecoptera

R. Edward DeWalt, Boris C. Kondratieff, John B. Sandberg

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Plecoptera, or stoneflies, are an ancient insect order. The order name refers to the ability to fold their wings horizontally. Sixteen extant families and nearly 3,500 valid species are currently known. The nymphs of the vast majority of species are aquatic and most feed in two general categories, as shredders of leaves and as predators of other invertebrates. Adults are terrestrial, inhabiting vegetation near the stream or lake from which they emerged. In this chapter we present the morphology of stoneflies and cover aspects of their ecology and behavior. We also discuss sampling, rearing, and preservation of stonefly specimens. The conservation status of stoneflies is also discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThorp and Covich's Freshwater Invertebrates
Subtitle of host publicationEcology and General Biology: Fourth Edition
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages933-949
Number of pages17
Volume1
ISBN (Electronic)9780123850270
ISBN (Print)9780123850263
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Keywords

  • Drumming
  • Ecology
  • Plecoptera
  • Preservation
  • Sampling
  • Stoneflies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)

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  • Cite this

    DeWalt, R. E., Kondratieff, B. C., & Sandberg, J. B. (2015). Order Plecoptera. In Thorp and Covich's Freshwater Invertebrates: Ecology and General Biology: Fourth Edition (Vol. 1, pp. 933-949). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-385026-3.00036-X