Order parameters in the resonating-valence-bond model

James F. Annett, Nigel Goldenfeld, S. R. Renn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We show that the ambiguity in the fluxoid unit in the resonating-valence-bond model arises from the choice of an order parameter which violates a local gauge symmetry. We give an explicit example of a gauge-invariant order parameter, other than electron paris, which possess a nontrivial topology depending upon the lattice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)708-710
Number of pages3
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics


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