Order parameter dynamics in Mn3Sn driven by DC and pulsed spin-orbit torques

Ankit Shukla, Siyuan Qian, Shaloo Rakheja

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We numerically investigate and develop analytic models for both the DC and pulsed spin-orbit-torque (SOT)-driven response of order parameter in single-domain Mn3Sn, which is a metallic antiferromagnet with an anti-chiral 120° spin structure. We show that DC currents above a critical threshold can excite oscillatory dynamics of the order parameter in the gigahertz to terahertz frequency spectrum. Detailed models of the oscillation frequency vs input current are developed and found to be in excellent agreement with the numerical simulations of the dynamics. In the case of pulsed excitation, the magnetization can be switched from one stable state to any of the other five stable states in the Kagome plane by tuning the duration or the amplitude of the current pulse. Precise functional forms of the final switched state vs the input current are derived, offering crucial insights into the switching dynamics of Mn3Sn. The readout of the magnetic state can be carried out via either the anomalous Hall effect or the recently demonstrated tunneling magnetoresistance in an all-Mn3Sn junction. We also discuss possible disturbance of the magnetic order due to heating that may occur if the sample is subject to large currents. Operating the device in a pulsed mode or using low DC currents reduces the peak temperature rise in the sample due to Joule heating. Our predictive modeling and simulation results can be used by both theorists and experimentalists to explore the interplay of SOT and the order dynamics in Mn3Sn and to further benchmark the device performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number091110
JournalAPL Materials
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1 2023
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • General Engineering


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