Optoelectronic Switching of a Carbon Nanotube Chiral Junction Imaged with Nanometer Spatial Resolution

Lea Nienhaus, Sarah Wieghold, Duc Nguyen, Joseph W. Lyding, Gregory E. Scott, Martin Gruebele

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Chiral junctions of carbon nanotubes have the potential of serving as optically or electrically controllable switches. To investigate optoelectronic tuning of a chiral junction, we stamp carbon nanotubes onto a transparent gold surface and locate a tube with a semiconducting-metallic junction. We image topography, laser absorption at 532 nm, and measure I-V curves of the junction with nanometer spatial resolution. The bandgaps on both sides of the junction depend on the applied tip field (Stark effect), so the semiconducting-metallic nature of the junction can be tuned by varying the electric field from the STM tip. Although absolute field values can only be estimated because of the unknown tip geometry, the bandgap shifts are larger than expected from the tip field alone, so optical rectification of the laser and carrier generation by the laser must also affect the bandgap switching of the chiral junction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10563-10570
Number of pages8
JournalACS Nano
Volume9
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 24 2015

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Carbon Nanotubes
optical switching
Optoelectronic devices
Carbon nanotubes
Energy gap
spatial resolution
carbon nanotubes
Lasers
Stark effect
Gold
Topography
Tuning
Switches
Electric fields
Geometry
lasers
rectification
topography
switches
tuning

Keywords

  • Stark effect
  • carbon nanotube
  • scanning tunneling microscopy
  • single molecule absorption

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Optoelectronic Switching of a Carbon Nanotube Chiral Junction Imaged with Nanometer Spatial Resolution. / Nienhaus, Lea; Wieghold, Sarah; Nguyen, Duc; Lyding, Joseph W.; Scott, Gregory E.; Gruebele, Martin.

In: ACS Nano, Vol. 9, No. 11, 24.11.2015, p. 10563-10570.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nienhaus, Lea ; Wieghold, Sarah ; Nguyen, Duc ; Lyding, Joseph W. ; Scott, Gregory E. ; Gruebele, Martin. / Optoelectronic Switching of a Carbon Nanotube Chiral Junction Imaged with Nanometer Spatial Resolution. In: ACS Nano. 2015 ; Vol. 9, No. 11. pp. 10563-10570.
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