Purpose: To improve the spatiotemporal qualities of images and dynamics of speech MRI through an improved data sampling and image reconstruction approach. Methods: For data acquisition, we used a Poisson-disc random under sampling scheme that reduced the undersampling coherence. For image reconstruction, we proposed a novel locally higher-rank partial separability model. This reconstruction model represented the oral and static regions using separate low-rank subspaces, therefore, preserving their distinct temporal signal characteristics. Regional optimized temporal basis was determined from the regional-optimized virtual coil approach. Overall, we achieved a better spatiotemporal image reconstruction quality with the potential of reducing total acquisition time by 50%. Results: The proposed method was demonstrated through several 2-mm isotropic, 64 mm total thickness, dynamic acquisitions with 40 frames per second and compared to the previous approach using a global subspace model along with other k-space sampling patterns. Individual timeframe images and temporal profiles of speech samples were shown to illustrate the ability of the Poisson-disc under sampling pattern in reducing total acquisition time. Temporal information of sagittal and coronal directions was also shown to illustrate the effectiveness of the locally higher-rank operator and regional optimized temporal basis. To compare the reconstruction qualities of different regions, voxel-wise temporal SNR analysis were performed. Conclusion: Poisson-disc sampling combined with a locally higher-rank model and a regional-optimized temporal basis can drastically improve the spatiotemporal image quality and provide a 50% reduction in overall acquisition time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)61-74
Number of pages14
JournalMagnetic Resonance in Medicine
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2024


  • dynamic MRI
  • linguistics
  • low rank reconstruction
  • speech MRI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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