We formulate the optimal placement, sizing and control of storage devices in a power network to minimize generation costs with the intent of load shifting. We assume deterministic demand, a linearized DC approximated power flow model and a fixed available storage budget. Our main result proves that when the generation costs are convex and nondecreasing, there always exists an optimal storage capacity allocation that places zero storage at generation-only buses that connect to the rest of the network via single links. This holds regardless of the demand profiles, generation capacities, line-flow limits and characteristics of the storage technologies. Through a counterexample, we illustrate that this result is not generally true for generation buses with multiple connections. For specific network topologies, we also characterize the dependence of the optimal generation cost on the available storage budget, generation capacities and flow constraints.
- DC power-flow
- energy storage
- optimal placement
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Control and Systems Engineering
- Computer Science Applications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering