Optimal Placement of Distributed Energy Storage in Power Networks

Christos Thrampoulidis, Subhonmesh Bose, Babak Hassibi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We formulate the optimal placement, sizing and control of storage devices in a power network to minimize generation costs with the intent of load shifting. We assume deterministic demand, a linearized DC approximated power flow model and a fixed available storage budget. Our main result proves that when the generation costs are convex and nondecreasing, there always exists an optimal storage capacity allocation that places zero storage at generation-only buses that connect to the rest of the network via single links. This holds regardless of the demand profiles, generation capacities, line-flow limits and characteristics of the storage technologies. Through a counterexample, we illustrate that this result is not generally true for generation buses with multiple connections. For specific network topologies, we also characterize the dependence of the optimal generation cost on the available storage budget, generation capacities and flow constraints.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number7112614
Pages (from-to)416-429
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Automatic Control
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • DC power-flow
  • energy storage
  • load-shifting
  • optimal placement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Optimal Placement of Distributed Energy Storage in Power Networks'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this